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Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s
Years: 1928 1929 1930 - 1931 - 1932 1933 1934
1931 by topic:
Subject: Archaeology - Architecture - Art
Aviation - Film - LGBT rights - Literature
Meteorology - Music (Country)
Rail transport - Radio - Science
Sports - Television
Countries: Australia - Canada - India - Ireland
Malaysia - New Zealand - Singapore - South Africa - Soviet Union - UK - Wales - Zimbabwe
Leaders: Sovereign states - State leaders
Religious leaders - Law
Categories: Births - Deaths - Awards - Works
Establishments - Disestablishments
v • d • e
Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.
1 Events of 1931
- Jan. . Feb. . March . April
- May . June . July . Aug.
- Sept. . Oct. . Nov. . Dec.
- Undated . Ongoing
4 Nobel prizes - Ship events
5 See also - Notes - External links
 Events of 1931
January 25: Gandhi freed.
January 25: Gandhi freed.
* January 4 - Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa.
* January 6 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
* January 22 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
* January 25 - Mohandas Gandhi released again.
* January 27 - Pierre Laval forms a government in France.
* February 3 - Napier earthquake - much of the New Zealand city of Napier is destroyed in an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale.
* February 10 - New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
February 10: New Delhi became capital.
February 10: New Delhi became capital.
* February 14 - The original film version of Dracula with Bela Lugosi is released.
* February 16 - Pehr Evind Svinhufvud elected president of Finland.
* February 20 - California gets the go-ahead by the U.S. Congress to build the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge.
* February 21 - Peruvian revolutionaries hijack a Ford Trimotor aeroplane and demand that the pilot drop propaganda leaflets over Lima.
February 21: Ford Trimotor hijacked.
February 21: Ford Trimotor hijacked.
* March 1 - USS Arizona placed back in full commission after a refit.
* March 3 - The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the United States National anthem.
* March 4 - British viceroy of India and Mohandas Gandhi negotiate.
* March 7 - New House of Representatives opened in Helsinki, Finland.
* March 11 - Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR programme, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
* March 17 - Nevada legalizes gambling.
* March 23 - Revolt for Independent India leaders Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev are hanged by the British Government.
* March 25 - The Scottsboro Boys are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape.
* March 27 - British writer Arnold Bennett dies in Paris when he drinks local water to prove it safe to drink - but is poisoned.
* March 31 - An earthquake destroys Managua, Nicaragua killing 2000 people.
* April 6 - Portuguese government declares martial law in Madeira and in the Azores because of an attempted military takeover in Funchal.
* April 9 - Execution of Argentinian anarchist Severino Digiovanni.
* April 14 - 2nd Spanish Republic proclaimed in Spain.
* April 15 - The Castellemmarese War ends with the assassination of Joe "The Boss" Masseria, briefly leaving Salvatore Maranzano as capo di tutti i capi, "boss of all bosses" and undisputed ruler of the American mafia. Maranzano is himself assassinated less than 6 months later, leading to the establishment of the Five Families.
* April 18 - An incorporation of Cheverly, Maryland is made.
* April 22 - Austria, Britain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden and USA recognize the Spanish Republic.
May 1: Empire State Building is completed.
May 1: Empire State Building is completed.
* May 1 - Construction of the Empire State Building is completed in New York City.
* May 4 - Kemal Atatürk re-elected president of Turkey.
* May 13 - Paul Doumer elected president of France.
* June 12 - Charlie Parker equals J.T. Hearne's record for the earliest date to reach 100 wickets.
* June 14 - Yacht St Philiebert sinks in river Loire in France - over 500 drown
* June 23 - Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to accomplish the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane. 
* July - John Haven Emerson of Cambridge, Massachusetts perfects the Emerson iron big butt lung just in time for the growing polio epidemic
* July 1 - Official opening of Milan Central Station
* July 16 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia
* Huang He floods kill between 850,000 and 4,000,000 people - the most deadly historic natural disaster.
* August 24 - Labour Government of Ramsay MacDonald resigns in Britain - replaced by National Government of people drawn from all parties also under MacDonald.
* August 31 - Yangtze River floods - 23 million made homeless
* September 5 - John Thomson, soccer player, dies in an accident during a Celtic - Rangers match
* September 10 - The worst hurricane in Belize history kills an estimated 1,500 people.
* September 15 - The Invergordon Mutiny: Strikes in Royal Navy due to decreased salaries
* September 18 - Mukden Incident. After that, Japan uses it to occupy Manchuria.
* September 18 - Geli Raubal is found shot dead in Hitler's apartment
* October - The Caltech Department of Physics Faculty and graduate students meet with Albert Einstein as a guest.
* November 6 - Indian spiritual leader Meher Baba arrives in America for the first time.
* November 7 - Chinese Soviet Republic proclaimed by Mao Tse Tung.
* November 8
o French police launch a large scale raid against Corsican bandits.
o Panama Canal is closed for couple of weeks due to damage caused by a number of earthquakes.
* December 10 - Niceto Alcalá-Zamora elected president of Spanish republic.
* December 11 - The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster, which establishes a status of legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland, the Dominion of New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa.
* December 13 - Wakatsuki Reijiro resigned as Prime Minister of Japan.
* December 26 - Phi Iota Alpha, the oldest existing Latino fraternity is founded.
* Deuterium discovered by Harold Clayton Urey.
* Ust-Abakanskoye becomes Abakan.
* National Committee for Modification of the Volstead Act formed to work for repeal of prohibition in United States.
* Radio Vaticana first broadcast.
* The Persistence of Memory is put on display for the first time in Paris at the Galerie Pierre Colle.
* Rise of the NAZI party.
1931 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1931
Ab urbe condita 2684
Armenian calendar 1380
Bahá'í calendar 87 – 88
Buddhist calendar 2475
Chinese calendar 4567/4627-11-13
— to —
Coptic calendar 1647 – 1648
Ethiopian calendar 1923 – 1924
Hebrew calendar 5691 – 5692
- Vikram Samvat 1986 – 1987
- Shaka Samvat 1853 – 1854
- Kali Yuga 5032 – 5033
Holocene calendar 11931
Iranian calendar 1309 – 1310
Islamic calendar 1349 – 1350
Japanese calendar Shōwa 6
- Imperial Year Kōki 2591
Julian calendar 1976
Korean calendar 4264
Thai solar calendar 2474
v • d • e
* January 5
o Alvin Ailey, American choreographer (d. 1989)
o Alfred Brendel, Austrian pianist
o Robert Duvall, American actor and director
* January 6 - E. L. Doctorow, American author
* January 8 - Bill Graham, German concert promoter (d. 1991)
* January 10 - Peter Barnes, English playwright and screenwriter (d. 2004)
* January 12 - Roland Alphonso, Jamaican musician (d. 1998)
* January 13 - Charles Nelson Reilly, American actor (d. 2007)
* January 14 - Caterina Valente, French singer and actress
* January 16 - Johannes Rau, President of Germany (d. 2006)
* January 17 - James Earl Jones, American actor
* January 19 - Robert MacNeil, Canadian journalist
* January 20 - David Lee, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* January 22 - Sam Cooke, American singer (d. 1964)
* January 26 - Alfred Lynch, English actor (d. 2003)
* January 27 - Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (d. 2001)
* January 30 - Allan W. Eckert, American historian, naturalist, and author
* January 31 - Ernie Banks, baseball player
* February 1 - Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia (d. 2007)
* February 2
o Dries van Agt, Dutch politician
o Les Dawson, British comedian (d. 1993)
* February 6 - Rip Torn, American actor and director
* February 8 - James Dean, American actor (d. 1955)
* February 10 - Thomas Bernhard, Dutch author (d. 1989)
* February 11 - Larry Merchant, American author and boxing commentator
* February 13 - Geoff Edwards, American actor and game show host
* February 16 - Ken Takakura, Japanese actor
* February 18 - Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
* February 18 - Toni Morrison, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate
* February 18 - Bob St. Clair, American football player
* February 24 - Brian Close, British cricketer
* February 26 - Ally McLeod, Scottish football manager
* February 28 - Dean Smith, American basketball coach
* March 2
o Mikhail Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* March 4
o Wally Bruner, American journalist and television host (d. 1997)
o William Henry Keeler, American Roman Catholic Archbishop and Cardinal
o Alice Rivlin, American economist
* March 11 - Rupert Murdoch, Australian-born publisher
* March 22
o Burton Richter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
o William Shatner, Canadian actor
* March 26 - Leonard Nimoy, American actor and director
* March 29 - Aleksei Gubarev, cosmonaut
* April 1 - Rolf Hochhuth, German writer
* April 11 - Johnny Sheffield, American actor
* April 27 - Igor Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist
* April 29
o Frank Auerbach, German-born painter
o Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (d. 2002)
* May 6 - Willie Mays, baseball player
* May 7 - Teresa Brewer, American singer
* May 13
o Jim Jones, American cult leader (d. 1978)
o Jiri Petr, Czech university president
* May 14 - Alvin Lucier, American composer
* May 15
o Joseph A. Califano, Jr., Chairman of the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse
o Ken Venturi, American golfer
* May 16 - Natwar Singh, Indian politician
* May 18 - Robert Morse, American actor
* May 19 - Eric Tappy, Swiss tenor
* May 20 - Ken Boyer, baseball player (d. 1982)
* May 25 - Georgi Grechko, cosmonaut
* May 31
o John Robert Schrieffer, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
o Shirley Verrett, American mezzo-soprano
* June 3 - Lindy Remigino, American athlete
* June 7 - Malcolm Morley, English-born painter
* June 9 - Joe Santos, American actor
* June 13 - Moysés Baumstein, Brazilian Holographer and artist
* June 14 - Ross Higgins, Australian actor
* June 27 - Martinus J. G. Veltman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* July 1 - Leslie Caron, French actress
* July 4 - Stephen Boyd, Irish actor (d. 1977)
* July 6 - Della Reese, American singer and actress
* July 10 - Alice Munro, Canadian writer
* July 23 - Te Atairangi Kaahu, Māori Queen (d. 2006)
* July 26 - Fred Foster, American songwriter and record producer
* August 7 - Charles E. "Charlie" Rice, Legal Scholar and Author
* August 12 - William Goldman, American author
* August 15 - Joe Feeney, American singer
* August 18 - Bramwell Tillsley, General of The Salvation Army
* August 19 - Willie Shoemaker, American jockey (d. 2003)
* August 23 - Hamilton O. Smith, American microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* August 25 - Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (d. 2007)
* August 25 - Regis Philbin, American television personality
* August 28 - John Shirley-Quirk, English bass-baritone
* August 31 - Jean Béliveau, Canadian hockey player
* September 8 - Jack Rosenthal, English playwright (d. 2004)
* September 12 - George Jones, American singer and songwriter, king of country music
* September 17 - Anne Bancroft, American actress (d. 2005)
* September 21 - Larry Hagman, American actor
* September 22
o Fay Weldon, British author
o George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (d. 2003)
* September 23 - Gerald Stairs Merrithew, Canadian educator and statesman (d. 2004)
* September 29
o James Watson Cronin, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
o Anita Ekberg, Swedish actress
* September 30
o Angie Dickinson, American actress
o Wesley L. Fox, U.S. Marine Corps officer
* October 6 - Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
* October 7
o Cotton Fitzsimmons, American basketball coach (d. 2004)
o Desmond Tutu, South African Anglican archbishop and activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* October 13 - Eddie Mathews, baseball player (d. 2001)
* October 15 - Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, President of India
* October 16 - James Chace, American historian (d. 2004)
* October 17 - Ernst Hinterberger, Austrian writer
* October 19 - John le Carré, English novelist
* October 20 - Mickey Mantle, baseball player (d. 1995)
* October 23
o Jim Bunning, baseball player and U.S. Senator
o Diana Dors, English actress (d. 1984)
* October 25 - Jimmy McIlroy, Irish footballer and football manager
* October 31 - Dan Rather, American television news reporter
* April 20 - Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
* November 5 - Ike Turner, American singer and songwriter
* November 7 - G. Edward Griffin, American political commentator, writer and documentary filmmaker
* November 15 - Mwai Kibaki, third President of Kenya
* November 21
o Malcolm Williamson, Australian composer (d. 2003)
o Revaz Dogonadze, Georgian physicist (d. 1985)
* November 23 - Dervla Murphy, Irish author
* November 26 - Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Argentine activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
* November 28 - Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003)
* December 1
o Jimmy Lyons, American musician (d. 1986)
o Jim Nesbitt, singer
* December 2
o Edwin Meese, American attorney general
o Nigel Calder, British science writer
* December 11 - Rita Moreno, Academy award-winning Puerto Rican actress
* December 12 - Lionel Blair, British actor, choreographer, tap dancer, headmaster and TV presenter
* December 23 - Ronnie Schell, American actor
* December 24 - Mauricio Kagel, Argentine composer
* December 30 - Skeeter Davis, American singer (d. 2004)
* December 31 - Bob Shaw, Irish writer (d. 1996)
 January - June
* January 11 - James Milton Carroll, Baptist pastor, historian, and author (b. 1852)
* January 14 - Hardy Richardson, baseball player (b. 1855)
* January 22 - Alma Rubens, American actress (b. 1897)
* January 23 - Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (b. 1881)
* February 11 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (b. 1854)
* February 16 - Wilhelm von Gloeden, German photographer (b. 1856)
* February 23 - Dame Nellie Melba, Australian soprano (b. 1861)
* February 26 - Otto Wallach, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1847)
* March 5 - Arthur Tooth, Anglican clergyman (b. 1839)
* March 7 - Akseli Gallén-Kallela, Finnish painter (b. 1865)
* March 11 - F.W. Murnau, German director (b. 1888)
* March 20 - Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
* March 21 - Bhagat Singh, Indian revolutionary (b. 1908)
* March 27 - Arnold Bennett, novelist (b. 1867)
* March 31 - Knute Rockne, American football coach (b. 1888)
* April 8 - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
* April 10 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
* April 30 - Sammy Woods, English cricketer (b. 1867)
* May 9 - Albert Abraham Michelson, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
* May 14 - David Belasco, American writer (b. 1853)
 July - December
* July 4 - Buddie Petit, American jazz musician
* July 12 - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
* August 6 - Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1903)
* August 26 - Hamaguchi Osachi, 27th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1870)
* August 27
o Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (b. 1856)
o Francis Marion Smith, American businessman (b. 1846)
* September 5 - John Thomson, Scottish footballer (b. 1909)
* October 13 - Ernst Didring, Swedish writer (b. 1868)
* October 18 - Thomas Edison, American inventor (b. 1847)
* November 11 - Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
* December 2 - Vincent d'Indy, French composer (b. 1851)
* December 5 - Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
* date unknown - Joseph Tabrar, British songwriter (b. 1857)
 Nobel prizes
* Physics - not awarded
* Chemistry - Carl Bosch, Friedrich Bergius
* Physiology or Medicine - Otto Heinrich Warburg
* Literature - Erik Axel Karlfeldt
* Peace - Jane Addams, Nicholas Murray Butler
 Ship events
* List of ship launches in 1931
* List of ship commissionings in 1931
* List of ship decommissionings in 1931
* List of shipwrecks in 1931
 See also
* 20th century
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
 External links
 Table of Contents
* 1 Events of 1931
o 1.1 January-February
o 1.2 March-April
o 1.3 May-June
o 1.4 July-August
o 1.5 September-October
o 1.6 November-December
o 1.7 Undated
o 1.8 Ongoing
* 2 Births
o 2.1 January-February
o 2.2 March-April
o 2.3 May-June
o 2.4 July-August
o 2.5 September-October
o 2.6 November-December
* 3 Deaths
o 3.1 January - June
o 3.2 July - December
* 4 Nobel prizes
* 5 Ship events
* 6 See also
* 7 Notes
* 8 External links
* 9 Table of Contents
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